Spring中與bean有關的生命周期

項目總結 | 對【時間】構建的特徵工程

前言

記得以前的時候,每次提起Spring中的bean相關的生命周期時,內心都無比的恐懼,因為好像有很多,自己又理不清楚:什麼beanFactory啊,aware介面啊,beanPostProcessor啊,afterPropertiesSet啊,initMethod啊等等。

.NET Core + K8S + Loki 玩轉日誌聚合

今天終於理清這些關係了,並且又新增了對postConstruct和lifecycle的理解。

執行順序

- 首先是 BeanFactoryPostProcessor,它是針對所有bean的definition的,只執行一次

下面是針對每個bean的初始
- 實現了一系列aware介面的,比如BeanNameAware,ApplicationContextAware,調用其set方法
- 執行BeanPostProcessor的postProcessBeforeInitialization方法
- 帶有@PostConstruct註解的方法
- 實現InitializingBean介面的afterPropertiesSet方法
- 指定的initMethod方法
- 執行BeanPostProcessor的postProcessAfterInitialization方法
- 實現了SmartLifecycle介面的start方法(實現Lifecycle介面的不會自動調用,需要顯式的調用start方法)

下面是針對每個bean的銷毀
- 實現了SmartLifecycle介面的stop方法(實現Lifecycle介面的不會自動調用,需要顯式的調用stop方法)
- 帶有@PreDestroy註解的方法
- 實現DisposableBean介面的destroy方法
- 指定的destroyMethod方法

目前就想到這麼多了,其他的麻煩在評論區留言呀~

代碼實例

bean實體類

/**
 * @date: 2020-07-22
 * 
 * 一個簡單的枚舉類 
 */
public enum BeanType {
    NORMAL, LIFECYCLE, SMART_LIFECYCLE;
}

import javax.annotation.PostConstruct;
import javax.annotation.PreDestroy;
import lombok.extern.slf4j.Slf4j;
import org.springframework.beans.BeansException;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanNameAware;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.DisposableBean;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.InitializingBean;
import org.springframework.context.ApplicationContext;
import org.springframework.context.ApplicationContextAware;
/**
 * @author: lihui
 * @date: 2020-07-22
 * 一個簡單的bean
 */
@Slf4j
public class NormalBean implements BeanNameAware, ApplicationContextAware, InitializingBean, DisposableBean {
    private BeanType beanType;

    public NormalBean() {
        this(BeanType.NORMAL);
    }

    public NormalBean(BeanType beanType) {
        this.beanType = beanType;
    }

    @PostConstruct
    public void postConstruct() {
        log.info("{}, postConstruct", beanType);
    }

    @Override
    public void afterPropertiesSet() throws Exception {
        log.info("{}, afterPropertiesSet", beanType);
    }

    public void initMethod() {
        log.info("{}, initMethod", beanType);
    }

    @PreDestroy
    public void preDestroy() {
        log.info("{}, preDestroy", beanType);
    }

    @Override
    public void destroy() throws Exception {
        log.info("{}, destroy", beanType);
    }

    public void destroyMethod() {
        log.info("{}, destroyMethod", beanType);
    }

    @Override
    public void setApplicationContext(ApplicationContext applicationContext) throws BeansException {
        log.info("setApplicationContext, applicationContext : {}", applicationContext);
    }

    @Override
    public void setBeanName(String name) {
        log.info("setBeanName, bean name : {}", name);
    }
}

import lombok.extern.slf4j.Slf4j;
import org.springframework.context.Lifecycle;
/**
 * @author: lihui
 * @date: 2020-07-22
 * 實現了Lifecycle的一個bean
 */
@Slf4j
public class LifecycleBean extends NormalBean implements Lifecycle {
    private volatile boolean running = false;

    public LifecycleBean() {
        super(BeanType.LIFECYCLE);
    }

    @Override
    public void start() {
        log.info("start");
        running = true;
    }

    @Override
    public void stop() {
        log.info("stop");
        running = false;
    }

    @Override
    public boolean isRunning() {
        return running;
    }
}

import lombok.extern.slf4j.Slf4j;
import org.springframework.context.SmartLifecycle;
/**
 * @author: lihui
 * @date: 2020-07-22
 * 實現了SmartLifecycle的一個bean
 */
@Slf4j
public class SmartLifecycleBean extends NormalBean implements SmartLifecycle {
    private volatile boolean running = false;

    public SmartLifecycleBean() {
        super(BeanType.SMART_LIFECYCLE);
    }

    @Override
    public void start() {
        log.info("start");
        running = true;
    }

    @Override
    public void stop() {
        log.info("stop");
        running = false;
    }

    @Override
    public boolean isRunning() {
        return running;
    }
}

配置類

import lombok.extern.slf4j.Slf4j;
import org.springframework.beans.BeansException;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.config.BeanFactoryPostProcessor;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.config.ConfigurableListableBeanFactory;
/**
 * @author: lihui
 * @date: 2020-07-25
 */
@Slf4j
public class MyBeanFactoryPostProcessor implements BeanFactoryPostProcessor {
    @Override
    public void postProcessBeanFactory(ConfigurableListableBeanFactory beanFactory) throws BeansException {
        log.info("postProcessBeanFactory, beanFactory:{}", beanFactory);
    }
}

import lombok.extern.slf4j.Slf4j;
import org.springframework.beans.BeansException;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.config.BeanPostProcessor;
/**
 * @author: lihui
 * @date: 2020-07-25
 */
@Slf4j
public class MyBeanPostProcessor implements BeanPostProcessor {
    @Override
    public Object postProcessBeforeInitialization(Object bean, String beanName) throws BeansException {
        log.info("postProcessBeforeInitialization, bean:{}", beanName);
        return bean;
    }

    @Override
    public Object postProcessAfterInitialization(Object bean, String beanName) throws BeansException {
        log.info("postProcessAfterInitialization, bean:{}", beanName);
        return bean;
    }
}

import lombok.extern.slf4j.Slf4j;
import org.springframework.context.SmartLifecycle;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
/**
 * @author: lihui
 * @date: 2020-07-22
 */
@Configuration
@Slf4j
public class Config {

    @Bean(initMethod = "initMethod", destroyMethod = "destroyMethod")
    public NormalBean normalBean() {
        return new NormalBean();
    }

    @Bean(initMethod = "initMethod", destroyMethod = "destroyMethod")
    public LifecycleBean lifecycleBean() {
        return new LifecycleBean();
    }

    @Bean(initMethod = "initMethod", destroyMethod = "destroyMethod")
    public SmartLifecycle smartLifecycle() {
        return new SmartLifecycleBean();
    }

    @Bean
    public static MyBeanFactoryPostProcessor myBeanFactoryPostProcessor() {
        return new MyBeanFactoryPostProcessor();
    }

    @Bean
    public static MyBeanPostProcessor myBeanPostProcessor() {
        return new MyBeanPostProcessor();
    }
}

Main類

import lombok.extern.slf4j.Slf4j;
import org.springframework.context.ConfigurableApplicationContext;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.AnnotationConfigApplicationContext;

/**
 * @author: lihui
 * @date: 2020-07-22
 */
@Slf4j
public class Main {
    public static void main(String[] args) throws InterruptedException {
        ConfigurableApplicationContext ctx = new AnnotationConfigApplicationContext(Config.class);
        ctx.registerShutdownHook();
        Thread.sleep(5000);
        log.info("line ----------------------------- line");
        ctx.start();
        ctx.stop();
        log.info("line ----------------------------- line");
    }
}

結果說明

結果正如前面所說的執行順序一致,主要注意的就是Lifecycle介面和SmartLifecycle介面,只有實現了SmartLifecycle介面的bean在初始化時才會被自動調用,而實現了Lifecycle介面的除非顯式調用start和stop方法才會被調用。

502   2020-07-26 23:43:41.808 [main] INFO  c.e.d.s.a.i.l.MyBeanFactoryPostProcessor - postProcessBeanFactory, beanFactory:org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultListableBeanFactory@55ca8de8: defining beans [org.springframework.context.annotation.internalConfigurationAnnotationProcessor,org.springframework.context.annotation.internalAutowiredAnnotationProcessor,org.springframework.context.annotation.internalCommonAnnotationProcessor,org.springframework.context.event.internalEventListenerProcessor,org.springframework.context.event.internalEventListenerFactory,config,normalBean,lifecycleBean,smartLifecycle,myBeanFactoryPostProcessor,myBeanPostProcessor]; root of factory hierarchy
520   2020-07-26 23:43:41.826 [main] INFO  c.e.d.s.a.i.l.MyBeanPostProcessor - postProcessBeforeInitialization, bean:config
520   2020-07-26 23:43:41.826 [main] INFO  c.e.d.s.a.i.l.MyBeanPostProcessor - postProcessAfterInitialization, bean:config
536   2020-07-26 23:43:41.842 [main] INFO  c.e.d.s.a.ioc.lifecycle.NormalBean - setBeanName, bean name : normalBean
536   2020-07-26 23:43:41.842 [main] INFO  c.e.d.s.a.ioc.lifecycle.NormalBean - setApplicationContext, applicationContext : org.springframework.context.annotation.AnnotationConfigApplicationContext@7cd62f43, started on Sun Jul 26 23:43:41 CST 2020
536   2020-07-26 23:43:41.842 [main] INFO  c.e.d.s.a.i.l.MyBeanPostProcessor - postProcessBeforeInitialization, bean:normalBean
536   2020-07-26 23:43:41.842 [main] INFO  c.e.d.s.a.ioc.lifecycle.NormalBean - NORMAL, postConstruct
536   2020-07-26 23:43:41.842 [main] INFO  c.e.d.s.a.ioc.lifecycle.NormalBean - NORMAL, afterPropertiesSet
536   2020-07-26 23:43:41.842 [main] INFO  c.e.d.s.a.ioc.lifecycle.NormalBean - NORMAL, initMethod
537   2020-07-26 23:43:41.843 [main] INFO  c.e.d.s.a.i.l.MyBeanPostProcessor - postProcessAfterInitialization, bean:normalBean
538   2020-07-26 23:43:41.844 [main] INFO  c.e.d.s.a.ioc.lifecycle.NormalBean - setBeanName, bean name : lifecycleBean
538   2020-07-26 23:43:41.844 [main] INFO  c.e.d.s.a.ioc.lifecycle.NormalBean - setApplicationContext, applicationContext : org.springframework.context.annotation.AnnotationConfigApplicationContext@7cd62f43, started on Sun Jul 26 23:43:41 CST 2020
538   2020-07-26 23:43:41.844 [main] INFO  c.e.d.s.a.i.l.MyBeanPostProcessor - postProcessBeforeInitialization, bean:lifecycleBean
538   2020-07-26 23:43:41.844 [main] INFO  c.e.d.s.a.ioc.lifecycle.NormalBean - LIFECYCLE, postConstruct
540   2020-07-26 23:43:41.846 [main] INFO  c.e.d.s.a.ioc.lifecycle.NormalBean - LIFECYCLE, afterPropertiesSet
540   2020-07-26 23:43:41.846 [main] INFO  c.e.d.s.a.ioc.lifecycle.NormalBean - LIFECYCLE, initMethod
540   2020-07-26 23:43:41.846 [main] INFO  c.e.d.s.a.i.l.MyBeanPostProcessor - postProcessAfterInitialization, bean:lifecycleBean
541   2020-07-26 23:43:41.847 [main] INFO  c.e.d.s.a.ioc.lifecycle.NormalBean - setBeanName, bean name : smartLifecycle
541   2020-07-26 23:43:41.847 [main] INFO  c.e.d.s.a.ioc.lifecycle.NormalBean - setApplicationContext, applicationContext : org.springframework.context.annotation.AnnotationConfigApplicationContext@7cd62f43, started on Sun Jul 26 23:43:41 CST 2020
541   2020-07-26 23:43:41.847 [main] INFO  c.e.d.s.a.i.l.MyBeanPostProcessor - postProcessBeforeInitialization, bean:smartLifecycle
541   2020-07-26 23:43:41.847 [main] INFO  c.e.d.s.a.ioc.lifecycle.NormalBean - SMART_LIFECYCLE, postConstruct
541   2020-07-26 23:43:41.847 [main] INFO  c.e.d.s.a.ioc.lifecycle.NormalBean - SMART_LIFECYCLE, afterPropertiesSet
541   2020-07-26 23:43:41.847 [main] INFO  c.e.d.s.a.ioc.lifecycle.NormalBean - SMART_LIFECYCLE, initMethod
541   2020-07-26 23:43:41.847 [main] INFO  c.e.d.s.a.i.l.MyBeanPostProcessor - postProcessAfterInitialization, bean:smartLifecycle
550   2020-07-26 23:43:41.856 [main] INFO  c.e.d.s.a.i.l.SmartLifecycleBean - start
5562  2020-07-26 23:43:46.868 [main] INFO  c.e.d.s.a.ioc.lifecycle.Main - line ----------------------------- line
5563  2020-07-26 23:43:46.869 [main] INFO  c.e.d.s.a.i.lifecycle.LifecycleBean - start
5566  2020-07-26 23:43:46.872 [main] INFO  c.e.d.s.a.i.l.SmartLifecycleBean - stop
5566  2020-07-26 23:43:46.872 [main] INFO  c.e.d.s.a.i.lifecycle.LifecycleBean - stop
5566  2020-07-26 23:43:46.872 [main] INFO  c.e.d.s.a.ioc.lifecycle.Main - line ----------------------------- line
5576  2020-07-26 23:43:46.882 [SpringContextShutdownHook] INFO  c.e.d.s.a.ioc.lifecycle.NormalBean - SMART_LIFECYCLE, preDestroy
5576  2020-07-26 23:43:46.882 [SpringContextShutdownHook] INFO  c.e.d.s.a.ioc.lifecycle.NormalBean - SMART_LIFECYCLE, destroy
5576  2020-07-26 23:43:46.882 [SpringContextShutdownHook] INFO  c.e.d.s.a.ioc.lifecycle.NormalBean - SMART_LIFECYCLE, destroyMethod
5576  2020-07-26 23:43:46.882 [SpringContextShutdownHook] INFO  c.e.d.s.a.ioc.lifecycle.NormalBean - LIFECYCLE, preDestroy
5576  2020-07-26 23:43:46.882 [SpringContextShutdownHook] INFO  c.e.d.s.a.ioc.lifecycle.NormalBean - LIFECYCLE, destroy
5577  2020-07-26 23:43:46.883 [SpringContextShutdownHook] INFO  c.e.d.s.a.ioc.lifecycle.NormalBean - LIFECYCLE, destroyMethod
5577  2020-07-26 23:43:46.883 [SpringContextShutdownHook] INFO  c.e.d.s.a.ioc.lifecycle.NormalBean - NORMAL, preDestroy
5577  2020-07-26 23:43:46.883 [SpringContextShutdownHook] INFO  c.e.d.s.a.ioc.lifecycle.NormalBean - NORMAL, destroy
5577  2020-07-26 23:43:46.883 [SpringContextShutdownHook] INFO  c.e.d.s.a.ioc.lifecycle.NormalBean - NORMAL, destroyMethod

Spring中與bean有關的生命周期
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